How to deal with bias, goal setting in uncertain environments, perfectionism and more...

How to deal with bias, goal setting in uncertain environments, perfectionism and more…

The Oxford Review Volume 2 No 9

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The dark side of leadership: do negative leadership traits lead to employee depression?

Keywords: Leadership, Dark Triad, depression

This paper looks at the effects of what is known as the Dark Triad of Narcissism, Psychopathy and Machiavellianism in leaders. The study looks at the real impact leaders with Dark Triad attributes (who are over represented in the population) have on their followers.


Increasing organisational performance through entrepreneurial orientation, competencies, and leadership

Keywords: entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial orientation, entrepreneurial competencies, entrepreneurial leadership, leadership, organisational performance

There is a growing amount of evidence to show that entrepreneurial qualities can boost the performance of any organisation or service, which has given rise to the idea of the intrapreneur or an individual with entrepreneurial attributes who is employed, rather than running their own business. As a result an increasing amount of research effort is focusing on exactly what it is that makes a difference for organisations. This study outlines how to increase organisational performance using entrepreneurial attributes.


How to mobilise support for change

Keywords: change, culture, mobilisation, cultural competence, cultural brokerage cultural repertories, change management

This briefing looks at a fascinating and detailed paper that is a review of all the previously available research on Social Movement Theory and action, looking at how to facilitate change through coordinated action between disparate, unlikely and previously opposing groups. Anyone interested in mobilising people to create change will find this study fascinating.


Perfectionism, coping and stress

Keywords: Perfectionism, stress, coping

Researchers from two universities in the United States, Georgia State University and Virginia Commonwealth University, have been studying the impact of perfectionism. Previous research has found that individuals with higher levels of perfectionism, who experienced stress are significantly more likely to experience emotional distress. This study wanted to see how people cope with perfectionism and stress.


Leadership development through understanding the Holocaust

Keywords: leadership, leaders, leadership development, moral judgement, courage

An interesting paper has just been published which looks at a unique program that was developed for the US Coast Guard Academy in which it argues that all leadership programs should include a study of the Holocaust. This, they argue, helps leaders develop higher levels of moral judgement and courage. This briefings give you the details of this unique programme that is delivering real results with leaders.


Increasing the effectiveness of research and development personnel

Keywords: R&D, research and development, effectiveness, social skills, knowledge management, knowledge sharing, job performance

Research and development (R&D) personnel are a critical source of ideas and competitive advantage for many organisations. The question as to what behaviour skills affect their job performance is an important area of research. This briefing looks at how to increase their effectiveness.


Why education and training rarely equips the learner for professional life

Keywords: Learning and Development, education, training, transfer of learning, student identity, worker identity

This briefing is from an interesting and somewhat sobering study looking at why most education and training courses don’t really equip people for the workplace and introduces the concept of developing a ‘work ready’ identity. Clearly analysed and laid out using identity theory it become quite obvious why students on many training and educational courses fail to transfer their learning into the workplace.


How to choose the best creative ideas

Keywords: innovation, creativity, decision-making, choice making

It’s one thing to come up with a pile of creative ideas, but how do you choose the best ones? This useful briefing that looks at research that finds how to increase your chance of choosing a winning idea.


How organisations adapt to their environment: the two key factors

Keywords: organisational adaption, leadership style, organisational culture

Continued success of any organisation or business is intimately linked to its ability to be able to flex and adapt to the changing world outside. There are a number of key factors which predict whether an organisation or business is likely to be successful in adapting as the world shifts around it. Previous research has shown that two key factors responsible for organisational adaption are the organisational culture and leadership style. This looks at a new review of the research evidence has just been published which focuses on the most recent evidence about what creates successful organisational adaption.


Workplace harassment and bullying – a systematic review of the recent research

Keywords: Harassment, bullying, harassment and bullying policies, workplace harassment, workplace bullying, harassment strategies

A new study by a multinational team of researchers from universities in New Zealand and Korea has looked at all of the recent research to do with workplace harassment. The study reviewed 3278 peer-reviewed articles and found that the most recent research in workplace harassment tends to have six main themes:

  • Causes of workplace harassment
  • Types of workplace harassment
  • The role of the employee in workplace harassment
  • How to measure workplace harassment
  • The consequences of workplace harassment
  • Suitable interventions to prevent and deal with workplace harassment.


A new model of objective and goal setting: contingent objective setting

Keywords: objective setting, goal setting, SMART goals, contingent objective setting

If you find the whole SMART goal setting thing a bit limiting or find situations where it doesn’t really work, you are not alone. This study finds that there are traditionally two types of goal setting models neither of which really work in fast changing situations or with new complex tasks. The paper proposes a new approach to goal setting, contingent objective setting for complex situations.


How to deal with cognitive bias in decision making

Keywords: Decision-making, problem-solving, cognitive bias, leadership, team thinking

Cognitive bias is probably responsible for more errors in decision-making by leaders than any other cause. Many studies have shown that cognitive bias often leads to irrational, ineffective and costly decisions in organisations. Cognitive bias has been found to be responsible for inaccurate assumptions, inadequate problem diagnosis and poor decisions and judgements. This has been found to be the case, particularly in situations of complexity, uncertainty and ambiguity where cognitive bias frequently leads to perceptual distortions and faulty judgement making. This briefing looks at research into practical methods for reducing decision making biases.

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David Wilkinson

David Wilkinson is the Editor-in-Chief of the Oxford Review. He is also acknowledged to be one of the world's leading experts in dealing with ambiguity and uncertainty and developing emotional resilience. David teaches and conducts research at a number of universities including the University of Oxford, Medical Sciences Division, Cardiff University, Oxford Brookes University School of Business and many more. He has worked with many organisations as a consultant and executive coach including Schroders, where he coaches and runs their leadership and management programmes, Royal Mail, Aimia, Hyundai, The RAF, The Pentagon, the governments of the UK, US, Saudi, Oman and the Yemen for example. In 2010 he developed the world's first and only model and programme for developing emotional resilience across entire populations and organisations which has since become known as the Fear to Flow model which is the subject of his next book. In 2012 he drove a 1973 VW across six countries in Southern Africa whilst collecting money for charity and conducting on the ground charity work including developing emotional literature in children and orphans in Africa and a number of other activities. He is the author of The Ambiguity Advanatage: What great leaders are great at, published by Palgrave Macmillian. See more: About: About David Wikipedia: David's Wikipedia Page

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