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The Oxford Review Encyclopaedia of Terms provides short definitions and longer articles about terms found in leadership, management, human resources, organisational development and change, learning and development and coaching.

Authoritarian leadership: Definition and explanation

Terms

What is authoritarian leadership? Authoritarian leadership refers to any situation where a leader keeps hold of as much power and authority as possible. Also known as coercive or dictatorial leadership, authoritarian leaders, tend to keep all the decision-making authority to themselves and make the decisions about policies, procedures, tasks, structures, rewards and punishment themselves. The […]

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Leader humility: Definition and explanation

Terms

Leadership Humility Leadership humility is becoming recognised as a key leadership trait in many (but not all) situations. Whilst confidence and certainty in a leader can be an attractive trait it is possible to overdo it (overconfidence) particularly in uncertain and rapidly changing contexts.   There is a fine balance between a leader displaying confidence […]

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Organisational Improvisational Capabilities: definition and explanation

Terms

What are organisational improvisational capabilities ? Organisational improvisational capability refers to the “ability of an organisation to spontaneously reconfigure resources to build new operational capabilities to address urgent, unpredictable and novel environmental situations”[i].   Improvisational capabilities v dynamic capabilities Improvisational capabilities are different from dynamic capabilities[ii] in that dynamic capabilities tend to be organisational capabilities […]

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Evidence-Based Leadership: Definition and explanation

Terms

What is evidence-based leadership? Evidence-based leadership refers to two different concepts: Using data and evidence to base the practice of leadership on from a variety of sources including: Research evidence from studies, experiments etc. The leaders’ experience Feedback, data and evidence from other sources like: The leaders’ followers Organisational performance Stakeholders / shareholders etc.  Clients/customers Leading […]

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Counter-productive work behaviours: Definition and Explanation

Terms

What are Counter-productive work behaviours? Counter-productive work behaviours refer to the types of behaviour that pull in the opposite direction of organisational citizenship behaviours and either detracts from, opposes, or causes barriers to the legitimate interests, aims, objectives and outcomes for an organisation. There are a number of typologies of counter-productive work behaviours including: The […]

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Organisational Citizenship Behaviours: Definition and Explanation

Terms

What are Organisational Citizenship Behaviours? Organisational Citizenship Behaviours (OCB) refer to the level to which employees are prepared to go above and beyond the behaviours and tasks that are designated by their role for the good of the organisation and the people within it. There are three key aspects to organisational citizenship behaviours: 1. They […]

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