Work (I-O) Psychology Archives | The Oxford Review - OR Briefings

Category Archives for "Work (I-O) Psychology"

Research briefings around the topic of Work (I-O) Psychology

The Cope Scale

Research Briefing

Keywords: coping, coping strategies, psychometric, assessment, resilience In our continuing quest to fight the pseudo instruments and assessments that proliferate organisations and find and bring you valid and reliable assessments this week we bring you the COPE Scale, or the shortened version of it. This assesses people coping strategies when they are face with difficulty. […]

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Measuring well-being and using organisational well-being profiles

Research Briefing

Keywords: wellbeing, well-being, well-being outcomes, employee well-being, indirect costs, costs, leadership, well-being data, well-being management information, management information, management, leadership There are many studies showing that the well-being of employees is a critical success factor for organisations. As a result, many organisations have focused on improving the well-being of the people, including developing organisation wide […]

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Organisation-wide hardship and how it is shaping the world of work

Research Briefing

Keywords: work, competition, organisational hardship, organisation-wide hardship, working harder, rewards, reduced rewards, management narrative A 2015 study for the UK government found that increased levels of competitiveness also increase levels of organisational productivity. As the report found, competition increases “pressure on the managers of firms to become more efficient”. This drive for efficiency has a […]

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How our learning ability and getting advice impacts decision-making

Research Briefing

Keywords: learning, learning ability, absorptive capacity, advice, expert advice, peer advice, decision-making, decisions When you think about the continual stream of decisions that people make in organisations on a day-to-day basis, the very fact that a decision is having to be made rather than the choice just being an habitual action, means that there is […]

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Does mindfulness practice help to increase attention and memory?

Research Briefing

Keywords: mindfulness, mind wandering, attention, prospective memory, attentional resources, well-ness, memory, psychology There have been a lot of claims for mindfulness, including increased resourcefulness, low levels of anxiety, increased attentional capability, lower levels of mind wandering and better levels of memory, for example. However, the amount of rigorous research looking at some of these claims […]

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How people with higher levels of psychological entitlement stop others getting promoted

Research Briefing

Keywords: entitlement, psychological entitlement, norms, norm violation, status threat, social norms Social norms are the rules that guide and constrain behaviours within any culture or society and both stem from and control what is appropriate behaviour within that environment. Social norms are the arbiters of order, organisation and structure within any society. However, despite the […]

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Effective communication: using authentic stories that persuade

Research Briefing

Keywords: stories, story-telling, selling, persuasion, persuasive communication, stages of selling, authenticity, authentic stories Being able to persuade or sell to others effectively is a core part of many people’s occupation and position. For example, leaders need to persuade followers, managers need to persuade employees and, generally, many people are put in a position where they […]

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Wisdom may be catching. When wise people cluster

Research Briefing

Keywords: cooperation, wisdom, prisoner’s dilemma, defecting, decision-making The prisoner’s dilemma game has become a standard tool for examining cooperation and decision making in humans. The prisoner’s dilemma Two members of a criminal gang are arrested and imprisoned. Each prisoner is in solitary confinement with no means of communicating with the other. The prosecutors lack sufficient […]

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How leaders, managers and employees conspire to not resolve goal inconsistencies

Research Briefing

Messages and orders from leaders and managers create a world of meaning in organisations. Often however the messages managers send out can create a paradox i.e. inconsistencies, uncertainties and ambiguity that defy the prevailing logic within the organisation. These in effect, create uncertainty about the aims and goals the employee should have. The study at […]

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Perfectionism, coping and stress

Research Briefing

Researchers from two universities in the United States, Georgia State University and Virginia Commonwealth University, have been studying the impact of perfectionism. Previous research has found that individuals with higher levels of perfectionism, who experienced stress are significantly more likely to experience emotional distress. This study wanted to see how people cope with perfectionism and […]

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