The paradox of expertise and why experts produce more but think less

Research Briefing

Keywords: expertise, cognitive control, context updating, series processing, automatic control, Context Retrieval and Updating

There is a central paradox at the heart of expertise: experts consistently perform better than novices, whilst at the same time they engage in less thinking and energy than novices. A core question that has intrigued psychologists for years is how can less thinking and cognitive processing produce better performance?

A new study has proposed a new theory called the Context Retrieval and Updating model, or CRU for short. What the model has found is that there is a shift in the way the brain deals with information as it progresses from novice to expert. This research briefing will be interesting to anyone in learning and coaching roles or anyone interesting in the development of expertise.

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