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Home The Oxford Review Encyclopaedia of Terms Organisational Commitment

Organisational Commitment

Organisational Commitment
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Organisational commitment is the individual’s psychological attachment to an organisation.

Usually organisational commitment and job satisfaction are closely correlated together with lower levels of intention to leave the organisation.

3 types of organisational commitment

Researcher’s have identified three types of organisational commitment:

 

  1. Affective commitment: Affective committment where the employee has an emotional bond with the organisation. They ‘want’ to be there.
  2. Continuance commitment: Continuance commitment refers to the situation where an individual feels that they will lose more by leaving than they will gain. In effect continuance commitment is a fear of loss if they left. The loss can be in any domain such as prestige, income, friendships or social loss.
  3. Normative commitment: This is where an individual feels they should stay for some reason. Usually this is because of a sense of obligation to the organisation. This sense of obligation can stem from the moral (working for a charity that is doing important work), ethical, because the organisation spent time and money training you or paying college fees etc.

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Reference 

Yousef, D.A. (2017) Organizational Commitment, Job Satisfaction and Attitudes toward Organizational Change: A Study in the Local Government, International Journal of Public Administration, 40:1, 77-88, DOI: 10.1080/01900692.2015.1072217

 

What develops a new employee’s commitment to the organisation? 

 

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