Keywords: cognitive outlook, perceptions, attention, well-being, emotion, optimism, positive emotions, negative emotions, pessimism, memory, self-esteem, self-determination, attributional style, ruminative style
Our cognitive outlook and perceptions, or how we construe things, can have a significant impact on a range of outcomes. For example, people with a generally positive outlook tend to have higher satisfaction ratings for things like relationships, family, job et cetera. Additionally, as you would expect, people with a more positive take on things tend to be more optimistic and usually have higher levels of self-esteem.
The new review of research by academics from the University of California has looked at how cognitive outlooks affect our well-being. In particular, they looked at construal which refers to an individual’s subjective perception and evaluation of a situation, and how it impacts well-being outcomes.
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