The relationship between leader-member exchange (LMX) and employee voice: the roles of conflict avoidance and national culture | The Oxford Review - OR Briefings

The relationship between leader-member exchange (LMX) and employee voice: the roles of conflict avoidance and national culture

Research Briefing

Keywords: conflict avoidance, employee voice, leader-member exchange, LMX, national culture

In the last four or five years there has been increasing interest in developing employee voice, both within the research and in organisations. Employee voice refers to the ability and means by which workers can air their views and communicate with their employer or the management and leadership of an organisation. Previous research has found that enhanced employee voice is associated with greater levels of organisational citizenship behaviours, trust, productivity, innovation and better levels of organisational outcomes. It is, therefore, not surprising that employee voice has become the focus of a lot of research, leadership, management, HR and organisational development attention.

Additionally, there has been a growing interest in leader-member exchange, or LMX, which is based on the idea that quality exchanges within organisations are based on a two-way communication between the leadership and employees. High quality leader-member exchange has been found to predict greater levels of responsibility being taken by employees, better decision-making, higher levels of productivity, innovation and trust.

Get the full research briefing including all references


About our research briefings


Not a member?

Apply to join now and get:


  1. Weekly research briefings sent direct to you every week
  2. A copy of the Oxford Review containing between twelve and sixteen additional research briefings every month
  3. Research Infographics
  4. Video research briefings.
  5. Special reports / short literature reviews on topics that appear to be getting a lot of research attention or if there has been a recent shift in the thinking or theory
  6. The ability to request a watch list for new research in keyword areas (as long as it is within the realms of:
    1. Leadership
    2. Management
    3. Human resources (not legal aspects)
    4. Organisational development
    5. Organisational change
    6. Organisational learning
    7. Learning and development,
    8. Coaching
    9. Work Psychology
    10. Decision making
  7. Request specific research / brief literature reviews
  8. Access to the entire archive of previous research briefings, copies of the Oxford Review, infographics, video research briefings and special reports.
  9. Access to Live Reports – continually updated as new research on the topic is released
  10. Members only podcasts – research briefings in audio – coming soon
  11. Live continually updated reports


Be the most up-to-date person in the room

Apply to join now

Be impressively well informed


Get the very latest research intelligence briefings, video research briefings, infographics and more sent direct to you as they are published

Be the most impressively well-informed and up-to-date person around...

Powered by ConvertKit
Like what you see? Help us spread the word